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A home other than being just a house to live, it is an augmentation of our mental space and manifestation of our personality. Each fragment of our life is deeply entwined with the design, décor and maintenance of our home.If the home is not designed according to the Vastu principles then the energy which gets resonated in the house may result to some irreparable harm and loss to owner and the inmates. CONSIDERATIONS IN DESIGNING A HOME Doors of each room should be facing East. Bedrooms should be in South and West Placement of mirrors on South and West wall are inauspicious. While sleeping head should be in South or West but never in North. Pooja room should be in North East. All idols and photographs should be facing East or West. Toilet seat should be in North-South only. It should not be in East-West. Out houses should not touch the compound wall of North and East side. Stairs should always be in clock-wise direction. Anything underground should be in North or East. Anything above ground should be in South or West. Porch should not touch the North or East compound wall. Big trees should not be grown in North or East. They should be in South or West side of the house. Face East or North while reading or transacting any business deal. Face East while cooking, West is allowed if there is no alternative, but never face South while cooking. Total number of doors and windows should be in even number for each floor, but should not end in zero like 10, 20, 30. The width of the door should be half the height of the door. The door should not be too high, too low, too wide or too narrow. The doors should be rectangular and square doors should always be avoided. Ventilation should be looked after and good cross ventilation should be present. Never put the poster of crying girl, war scene, sexy scenes, angry man, owl, eagle etc. They are inauspicious. Doors should open inside the room and not outside. In bed rooms, always use bed of four legs only. Never use box type bed because it stops the air circulation under the bed which is bad for health. There should be no water body in front of any entrance door of the house. No room should be built under the stairs. The cupboard in the wall should be in the Southern or Western part direction of the house. The kitchen, grinder, fridge, shelf and other heavy items should be towards South and West wall. FACTORS FOR DESIGNING THE “MAP OF EXTERIORS” Proportion of width and length of the building : Vastu is not only about directions but rather it is also about dimensions and measurements.The ratio between length and breadth of the building should normally be 1:1 or 1:1.5 or maximum 1:2. It should not exceed 1:2 in all circumstances. The building dimension should preferably be longer in North-South, shorter in East-West. GROUND LEVEL:Ground level should be higher in West, Southwest and South as compared to East, North and Northeast. It is better to keep North-East the lowest. FLOOR LEVEL : Floor level should be higher in South, South-West, South-East and Western portion and lower in North, North-East and East. The water should flow towards East or North and not in other directions. Central zone should be even. ROOFING:It is better to keep roofing sloping towards East and North. SLOPY ROOFS / SLANTING ROOFS :The sloppy roofs have become a trend in latest house designs. Two major points need to be taken into considerations while implementing such designs. Keeping the roofs sloppy symmetrically in all sides If the slope is on East or North sides only, keeping the East or North or both sides down. The idea is to keep South and West heights in level. Slanting towards South or West only should be avoided as that will lead to serious health problems. BUILDING HEIGHT :The following two options for height considerations in the design can be opted. Height can be equal everywhere in the building. Keeping South, South-West and West higher as compared to other parts of the building. Conversely North, North-East and East should be lower in heights. TERRACE / PORTICO / PORCH / BALCONIES : All these should be located only in North, East and North-East sides of the building to bring health, wealth and happiness. Balconies should face North and East. MEZZANINE FLOOR : This is a projected floor in between ground and first floor as seen in Cinema theatres. This should be placed in West or South side of the building. CELLARS / BASEMENT :The cellars and basement below the road level should not be adopted. Due to paucity of space now a day’s building cellars or basement is being widely adopted. Care should be taken to keep the height of the cellar or basement projecting up above the road level to some extent. Cellars or basement covering the entire plot is all right. If it is to be constructed only in a portion of basement it should be located only in North, North-East and East sides preferably with entrance from North-East. If constructed on South-West then it should be used for heavy storage purpose. North-West and South-West portion should be used for servants, car parking etc. If the cellars or basement are built in South, South-West and West or used for living then it will result to mental tension and loss of wealth for inmates. STAIR CASE:Placing stair case in North or West zone turning right in the middle and emerging in the first floor facing East or South or South-West zone is auspicious. While climbing one should face West or South up to middle point and after that one can face any direction; emerging at the end at North-East portion is considered auspicious. It will be auspicious to keep doors both at beginning and at the end of the stair case. It is also essential to ensure that the stair case does not touch Eastern or Northern wall. The steps should be in odd numbers like 11, 17, 23 etc. In other words, if the number is divided by 3, the remainder. SERVANT QUARTERS :The best place to construct servant quarter is South-East or North-West corners. Care should be taken to ensure that: The corners at South-East or North-West should not be blocked The quarters should not touch the walls on East or North. GARAGE FOR CARS: The best place for garage is South-East or North-West and the garage walls should not touch the walls on East or North. CHOWKI OR SECURITY CABIN OR GUARD’S ROOM : A regular concrete shelter or alternatively a wooden chowki is made in South-West or other place near main gate. The shelter should be facing East or North. It is important to ensure that the watchman can easily see every movement from a distance itself. OVER HEAD TANKS: North-West or South-West zones are the right places for overhead tank. Since it is of having weight at a height, South-West is the best. Precaution should be taken to ensure that the overhead tank does not touch the main building. SWIMMING POOL : The best place to locate a swimming pool is the North-East side. It is better to build the swimming pool in a corner ( and not exactly at junction of North and East points ) where privacy is ensured. UNDER GROUND RESERVIOR OR WATER TANK : The right place for underground reservoir or water tank is the North-East, the place of Eshwar, the God Supreme. The next choice is East Zone on the Northern side. WATER CLOSETS OR LAVATORY : For this Southern or Western side should be used. South-West or North-West corners and central place of the house or building should never be used for this purpose. If possible Eastern and Northern side should also be avoided. The person sitting in water closets should face North or South or South-West and never the East Direction. TREES : Vastu concepts regarding the plants and their plantation must be kept in mind so as to make your home not just superficially beautiful, but also Vastu oriented. As a general rule, gardens in homes or factories should always be in the North or West and of the compound. The South-East and South-West are not to be selected for any kind of garden or plantation. Fruit bearing trees or trees with good foliage are always preferred to thorny trees. Care should be taken not to grow trees which have huge penetrating roots as it can prove harmful for the house. OUTER GATES : Generally gates in North, North-East and East directions are auspicious and good. Road facing South is not generally preferred. In South road plots, South-West gate should be avoided. South-East gate is a better choice. In a plot facing West (road on Western side) South-West main entrance gate should be avoided; North-West gate is a better option. East or North direction is the best for placing main gate. HEIGHT :Height of the building should be uniform to get the most advantageous results. There must be uniformity among projections or elevations. The higher or lower level of the building in any of the eight directions has the following effects as given in Shastra: DIRECTION LOWER HIGHER North Brings good, comfort and prosperity Harmful in every sense North-East All prosperity benefits Poverty and sufferings South-East If lower than Nairitya, it is auspicious, but if lower than Vayaya or Eeshan, fear of fire and enemy and breeds ill. If higher than Nairitya, it is inauspicious, if higher than Eeshan or Vayaya, it brings wealth. East Name and fame, long life Loss of children South Diseases, loss of wealth and brings economic difficulties Economic and health benefits